Wednesday, November 15, 2023

Iran’s Nuclear Enrichment Progress Continues, Inspectors Still Denied: IAEA | TOME


Iran’s stonewalling of nuclear inspectors has been deemed “extreme and unjustified” by a watchdog, as the country’s stockpile of enriched uranium reaches 22 times the limit set by the nuclear deal.

Violation of Nuclear Deal

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the United Nations’ nuclear watchdog, has expressed deep concern over Iran’s refusal to cooperate with its inspectors. The country’s stockpile of enriched uranium has now reached 2,442.9 kilograms, far exceeding the limit of 300 kilograms set by the 2015 nuclear deal.

The nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), was signed between Iran and six world powers, including the United States, in an effort to curb Iran’s nuclear program. Under the agreement, Iran agreed to limit its uranium enrichment activities and allow regular inspections by the IAEA in exchange for relief from economic sanctions.

However, since the United States withdrew from the nuclear deal in 2018 and reimposed sanctions on Iran, the country has gradually scaled back its compliance with the agreement. Iran has argued that it is entitled to do so under the deal’s “dispute resolution mechanism” due to the failure of other parties to fulfill their obligations.

IAEA’s Concerns

The IAEA has repeatedly called on Iran to fully cooperate with its inspectors and provide access to all necessary sites and information. However, Iran has been accused of obstructing inspections and failing to provide satisfactory explanations for its increased stockpile of enriched uranium.

In a recent report, the IAEA stated that Iran’s refusal to provide access to two sites suspected of nuclear activities is a clear violation of its obligations under the nuclear deal. The watchdog also expressed concerns about Iran’s failure to provide credible explanations for the presence of nuclear material at undeclared locations.

The IAEA’s Director General, Rafael Grossi, has described Iran’s stonewalling as “extreme and unjustified,” emphasizing the importance of transparency and cooperation in ensuring the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program.

International Response

The international community has expressed growing concern over Iran’s actions and the potential implications for regional security. The European Union, one of the signatories of the nuclear deal, has called on Iran to return to full compliance with its obligations and engage in constructive dialogue to address concerns.

The United States, under the new administration of President Joe Biden, has expressed its willingness to rejoin the nuclear deal if Iran returns to full compliance. However, Iran has demanded that the United States first lift all sanctions imposed since 2018 before it considers any negotiations.

Meanwhile, Israel, a staunch opponent of the nuclear deal, has warned against the dangers of Iran obtaining nuclear weapons. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has urged the international community to take immediate action to prevent Iran from acquiring the capability to produce nuclear weapons.


The stonewalling of nuclear inspectors by Iran and the country’s significant violation of the nuclear deal’s limits on enriched uranium stockpile have raised serious concerns within the international community. The IAEA’s criticism of Iran’s actions highlights the urgent need for transparency and cooperation to ensure the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program.

As diplomatic efforts continue to address the issue, it remains to be seen whether Iran will choose to return to full compliance with its obligations under the nuclear deal or further escalate tensions with its refusal to cooperate. The international community, particularly the United States and European Union, plays a crucial role in finding a diplomatic solution that addresses both Iran’s concerns and the need to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the region.

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