Title: Urgent Support Needed for Sudanese Citizens Trapped in Ongoing Conflict
The ongoing military conflict in Sudan has left its citizens in dire need of assistance. With only 7 percent of the requested $45 million received by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, urgent action is required from the international community. The conflict, which began in April, has resulted in the collapse of essential services, displacement of millions, and a healthcare system on the brink of collapse. This article highlights the urgent need for support and solidarity to alleviate the suffering of Sudanese people.
The Humanitarian Crisis in Sudan
The military conflict between rival generals, Abdel Fattah Burhan and Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, has transformed urban areas, including the capital Khartoum, into battlefields. The lack of water, electricity, and a crumbling healthcare system have exacerbated the suffering of the Sudanese people. Ethnic clashes have also erupted in Darfur, with the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and allied Arab militia targeting ethnic African communities.
Escalation of Violence
Recent clashes in South Kordofan and West Kordofan have further intensified the crisis. Rebel groups attacked Kadugli, the provincial capital of South Kordofan, resulting in civilian casualties and displacement. In Al-Fula, the provincial capital of West Kordofan, clashes between the military and RSF led to looting of government offices, banks, and aid agency offices.
Mass Displacement and Refugees
The conflict has forced more than 3.4 million people to flee their homes within Sudan, while over a million have sought refuge in neighboring countries such as Egypt, Chad, South Sudan, Ethiopia, and Central African Republic. The United Nations’ migration agency reports that Egypt alone has received over 272,000 Sudanese refugees as of August 1st.
Call for International Solidarity
Jagan Chapagain, the secretary-general of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, emphasizes the urgent need for international support. He draws attention to the humanitarian response shown in the aftermath of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and urges a similar level of solidarity for Sudan. Chapagain highlights the need for $45 million to aid those within Sudan and an additional $35 million to assist those who have fled to neighboring countries.
Efforts at the Egyptian Border
Chapagain recently visited the Egyptian border with Sudan, where he witnessed the challenges faced by Sudanese refugees. While operations on the Egyptian side were organized, long queues were observed on the Sudanese side, with people waiting to enter Egypt. The number of daily crossings has significantly decreased, with only 400 to 600 people compared to the initial weeks of the conflict when thousands were fleeing.
Challenges Faced by Egypt
The Egyptian government initially allowed women and children to cross without visas but later imposed visa requirements for all Sudanese citizens. This decision, although met with objections from activists and rights groups, was driven by economic pressures. Egypt is already hosting over 9 million migrants, including Sudanese and Syrians, in addition to its growing population of over 105 million.
The ongoing military conflict in Sudan has created a severe humanitarian crisis, leaving millions of people in desperate need of assistance. Urgent support is required to address the lack of essential services, displacement, and collapsing healthcare system. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies appeals for $45 million to aid those within Sudan and an additional $35 million to support refugees in neighboring countries. The international community must rally together to provide the necessary funds and resources to alleviate the suffering of Sudanese citizens affected by this devastating conflict.