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Vulture numbers ‘stabilising’, MoEF launches motion plan to extend inhabitants

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Written by Esha Roy | New Delhi | Updated: November 17, 2020 2:08:09 am Crisis: A large dip in vulture populations got here into limelight within the mid-90s, and in 2004 the reason for the crash was established as diclofenac, a veterinary nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar Monday launched a Vulture Action Plan 2020-25 for the conservation of vultures within the nation.
Vulture numbers noticed a steep slide — as a lot as 90 per cent in some species — in India for the reason that 1990s in some of the drastic declines in hen populations on the planet. While the ministry has been finishing up a conservation challenge for vultures since 2006, the plan is to now lengthen the challenge to 2025 to not simply halt the decline however to actively improve the vulture numbers in India.
There are 9 recorded species of vultures in India — the Oriental white-backed, long-billed, slender-billed, Himalayan, red-headed, Egyptian, bearded, cinereous and the Eurasian Griffon.
Between the 1990s and 2007, numbers of three presently critically-endangered species – the Oriental white-backed, long-billed and slender-billed vultures — crashed massively with 99 per cent of the species having been worn out. The variety of red-headed vultures, additionally critically-endangered now, declined by 91% whereas the Egyptian vultures by 80%.
The Egyptian vulture is listed as ‘endangered’ whereas the Himalayan, bearded and cinereous vultures are ‘near threatened’.
The crash in vulture populations got here into limelight within the mid-90s, and in 2004 the reason for the crash was established as diclofenac — a veterinary nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to deal with ache and inflammatory illnesses reminiscent of gout — in carcasses that vultures would feed off.
“Just 0.4-0.7 per cent of animal carcasses contaminated with diclofenac was sufficient to decimate 99 per cent of vulture populations. But due to dedicated conservation efforts, the vulture population is stabilising,” Javadekar stated, including that the ministry has now come out with a holistic approach to vulture conservation.
The MoEFCC launched the Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2006 with the DCGI banning the veterinary use of diclofenac in the identical yr and the decline of the vulture inhabitants being arrested by 2011.
The Central Zoo Authority (CZA) and Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) additionally established the Vulture Conservation Breeding Programme, which has been profitable and had three critically-endangered species bred in captivity for the primary time. Eight centres have been established and, to this point, 396 vultures of the three species have efficiently fledged. The ministry has now additionally launched conservation plans for the red-headed and Egyptian vultures, with breeding programmes for each.
The Vulture Safe Zone programme is being carried out at eight completely different locations within the nation the place there have been extant populations of vultures, together with two in Uttar Pradesh.
Attempts are made to safe the inhabitants of vulture by guaranteeing the minimal use of Diclofenac and an space is asserted a Vulture Safe Zone solely when no poisonous medication are present in undercover pharmacy and cattle carcass surveys, for 2 consecutive years, and the vulture populations are secure and never declining.
The motion plan goals to hold forth what has already been set in movement by guaranteeing that sale of veterinary NSAIDs is regulated and livestock are handled solely by certified veterinarians.
The Ministry additionally plans on finishing up security testing of accessible NSAIDs on vultures and to develop new ones which don’t have an effect on vultures.
Additional Conservation Breeding Centres are additionally being deliberate throughout the nation, together with Vulture Conservation Centres with samples and knowledge collected from the wild analysed and saved at these centres — one every in Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Four rescue centres have been proposed for various geographical areas like Pinjore within the north, Bhopal in ventral India, Guwahati in Northeast and Hyderabad in South India. 📣 The Indian Express is now on Telegram. Click right here to hitch our channel (@indianexpress) and keep up to date with the newest headlines For all the newest India News, obtain Indian Express App.

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