Written by Darshan Devaiah BP
| Bengaluru |
Updated: December 19, 2020 5:07:03 pm
Shivajinagar beef market in central Bengaluru is likely one of the largest beef markets within the metropolis. (Express Photo by Subiksha Ramakrishnan)Earlier this month, the BJP authorities in Karnataka handed the controversial Karnataka Prevention of Slaughter and Preservation of Cattle Bill, 2020. The invoice, which replaces the less-stringent 1964 cow safety laws that prohibited slaughter of cows within the state, bans the slaughter of cattle, whose definition it has expanded to incorporate “cow, calf of a cow and bull, bullock and he or she buffalo”. In impact, the invoice imposes a blanket ban on beef within the southern state.
The anti-cow slaughter laws, which was handed amid loud protests by the Opposition, doesn’t solely have harsh provisions — 3-7 years of jail or/and steep fines upto to Rs 5 lakh, and sweeping powers to the police — it’s also set to have far-reaching antagonistic financial implications on dairy farmers who’re already going through agrarian misery. Industries like leather-based and accommodations are additionally going to take an enormous hit.
Butchers in Shivajinagar beef market in central Bengaluru, which is likely one of the largest beef markets within the metropolis, are nervous. The market provides meat throughout town, from smaller accommodations to star accommodations, in addition to getting a whole bunch of consumers who purchase contemporary meat each day.
Inside the meat market in Shivajinagar (Express Photo by Subiksha Ramakrishnan)
Behind the meat market is a small lane that results in the workplace of Beef Merchants’ Association of Karnataka, the place Khasim Aijaz Quraishi, the president of the Association, is in a gathering with members. The invoice, if carried out, Quraishi instructed indianexpress.com, will affect the livelihood of greater than 40 lakh individuals within the state who’re depending on beef and associated commerce.
Quraishi says it is a politically motivated invoice. “The government says they will protect cows, but see the condition of cow shelters. Cows are suffering and dying there.”
The 2020 Bill is a harsher model of a legislation handed by the BJP in 2010 with BS Yediyurappa as chief minister. It aimed toward banning all types of cattle slaughter by recommending stringent penalties for violators. The invoice was shelved in 2013 by the Siddaramaiah-led Congress authorities after it didn’t get the Governor’s assent.
The Congress had then reverted to the Karnataka Prevention of Cow Slaughter and Preservation of Animals Act, 1964, which banned killing of any cow or calf of she-buffalo. It, nonetheless, had sure relaxations — prefer it allowed slaughter of bullock, buffalo-male or feminine if it was licensed by a reliable authority to be above the age of 12 years, incapacitated for breeding or deemed sick.
Rushtum Shafiylla, secretary, Beef Merchants’ Association of Karnataka, mentioned: “We follow the 1964 Act and have never indulged in slaughtering cows. Bullocks and buffalos aged above 12 years are slaughtered in the presence of veterinarians deputed by the Animal Husband Department or BBMP local civic body.”
Quraishi additionally highlighted that beef is consumed by numerous individuals from low-income teams for its dietary worth, particularly protein. “Beef is poor people’s meat since they cannot afford mutton and chicken. Not just Muslims, a large section of Dalits and Christians consume beef.” According to Quraishi, individuals from the higher caste neighborhood come to Shivanagar market to commerce in pores and skin and bones of cattle.
Members of the Beef Merchants Association of Karnataka. (Express Photo by Subiksha Ramakrishnan)
Another butcher, Mumhamad Riaz Ahmad, mentioned that solely 30 per cent of those that purchase beef from him are Muslims whereas the remainder are from different communities.
Many imagine the invoice solely has political motives and can result in polarisation. Speaking to indianexpress.com, a vendor available in the market, Masood Ahmad, mentioned, “The government’s intention to ban beef is politics. It will fan communal tensions. Poor people like us only know this job and we will lose our livelihood if this act comes into force.”
Demanding a complete ban on cow slaughter within the state, the BJP cow safety cell within the state had written to CM Yediyurappa looking for the reintroduction of the 2010 Bill. Meanwhile, days earlier than the winter session started on December 7 in Karnataka’s Vidhana Soudha, Minister for Animal Husbandry Prabhu Chauhan constituted a committee to check related stringent legal guidelines in place in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh.
Apart from butchers, the small resort trade, particularly in and across the Shivajinagar space, is unlikely to outlive the ban. The proprietor of New Hilal restaurant in Shivajinagar mentioned, “See our hotel menu, most of the dishes are beef-based. There are more than 30 restaurants that are known for beef dishes. What will they serve in case of a beef ban ? More than 100 people, who are working and running hotels in this area, will be on the streets.”
Labelling the anti-cow slaughter invoice as “anti-farmer”, the Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha president Kodihalli Chandrashekar mentioned: “After a cow or buffalo stops producing milk, farmers usually sell them as it is a burden to maintain unproductive cows. We farmers are ready to look after our cattle but we want the government to introduce an insurance scheme so that when our cattle die we are compensated.” Yediyurappa has mentioned the state would construct gaushalas (cow shelters) in all districts to take care of ageing cows as soon as the Bill turns into a legislation.
Opposing the invoice, former Karnataka CM HD Kumarawamy had tweeted: “… the Bill forces farmers to nurture them. But it’s extremely unimaginable because the hybrid varieties like HF cattle want a minimal of Rs 200 a day for upkeep. This is extremely impractical.
Another ancillary commerce that’s extraordinarily cautious is tannery. Shaik Zakeer, who owns a tannery on Tannery Road in Frazer city space, mentioned: “There are around 10 tanneries left in the area after the 1964 Act was introduced. Now. if the government introduces a new bill, they will also shut shop. There is zero doubt about it. Around 50 families may lose their source of earning.”
While tanneries are largely owned by Muslims, the labour consists of Tamil Dalits. “Hides from here are sent to Tamil Nadu leather industry and other parts of the country,” mentioned Zakeer.
The BJP authorities could promulgate an Ordinance to carry the invoice into drive after the laws, which was cleared by the meeting on December 9 , hit a roadblock within the legislative council on the following day. The authorities had deferred tabling the Bill amid apprehensions that it could be defeated or referred to a choose committee on the demand of a mixed opposition.
On December 15, the invoice was listed to be tabled within the Legislative Council, the place the ruling BJP doesn’t take pleasure in a majority. That was to not be. The Council witnessed excessive drama with members hurling abuses and the Deputy Chairman being pulled down from his seat over a row pertaining to no-confidence movement. The Council was adjourned sine die inside minutes after it met for the day.
BJP, Congress MLCs conflict within the Karnataka Legislative Council (PTI)
Speaking to indianexpress.com, Vinisha Nero, the nominated Anglo-Indian legislator in Karnataka Assembly, mentioned it’s not the meals behavior however the financial fallout of the invoice that’s the bigger concern. “We absolutely do not have an objection to the existing 1964 Act, we respect everybody’s sentiments, but food habits are only a very small part of this bill and for our community. We are more concerned about the farmers and economic impact on them. Then, what about the wild animals in zoos” Government can’t simply snatch away individuals’s livelihoods.”
“The government has to have a proper discussion and planning before bringing such bills,” she added.
Shaji T. Verghese, president of Christian Seva Sangha in Bengaluru, mentioned the meat ban will result in black advertising. “ In middle and lower-middle-class Christian community beef is a staple food. We don’t consume cow which gives milk, the buffalo and bull are food crop and it is a common food in the community.”
Experts have additionally voiced considerations relating to the invoice. Prakash Kammardi, former chairman, Karnataka Agricultural Prices Commission, and retired professor of Agricultural Economics from the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, mentioned “If the bill is implemented, there will be huge crises in the agrarian economy of the state. Farmers will be most affected since they are the primary stakeholders. They can’t keep the cow or buffalo when it becomes unproductive, and if the government forces them to keep unproductive cattle, they can’t invest in new ones for dairy products or for farming.”
“This will make other secondary stakeholders, like butchers and people from the leather industry or people who depend on products of cattle. They all come under agrarian economy as the base of these industries are cattle. Those employed in each of these industries will suffer acutely,” Kammardi mentioned.
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