The King of Jordan, Abdullah II, fifty eight, is at the moment working with two crises. Like the rest of the earth, his place is dealing with the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. At the exact same time, Abdullah is dealing with down the prospect of a a single-condition resolution to the Israel-Palestine conflict, as de facto instructed by U.S. President Donald Trump.
Starting in July, Israel wants to put into action Trump’s Middle East plan, which involves, between other points, the annexation of settlements in the West Bank. Abdullah II warns that if Israel really does transfer to improve the borders, it would established off a enormous conflict with Jordan.
DER SPIEGEL: Your Majesty, how does a king rule in a lockdown?
King Abdullah II: I am complying with our social distancing regulations, but I do journey from the north to the south to take a look at the safety forces. I check out to strengthen the morale of the folks. We have had no new bacterial infections for 9 days as of last week. We promptly received the virus below management.
DER SPIEGEL: What have you finished improved than some others?
King Abdullah II: None of us leaders will get an A-additionally for the administration of the crisis, but the governing administration sealed off the country incredibly early on. All all those coming into Jordan ended up introduced instantly from the airport into resort quarantine. Now we are in a position to support other individuals all around the entire world.
DER SPIEGEL: What implications does the virus have for globe politics?
King Abdullah II: It delivers new uncertainties. Health and food items protection are starting to be important commodities. Europe has fertile agricultural lands. They will be hoarding food items materials, understandably. We much too have started to commit greatly in storing our wheat and we’ve acquired ample for yet another yr and a 50 %. We’re pretty snug. But what happens soon after that? In many destinations, the danger of individuals starving to demise is better than the risk from the virus itself.
DER SPIEGEL: There are 2 million refugees in Jordan. A lot of citizens ended up previously bad before the disaster. Do you panic riots?
King Abdullah II: We are all under financial force. In Jordan, refugees get the similar education and learning and wellness solutions as all other citizens. That is, of training course, a problem. Working day laborers are the worst impacted. How do you protected the cash flow of these persons if, at the very same time, you have to maintain enterprises shut? The navy and law enforcement supply food stuff and medication to the residential areas. But we will have a recession for two years. So, how rapidly we spring again in 2020 and 2021 depends on how good we are in opening up sectors.
DER SPIEGEL: What is the way out of the disaster?
King Abdullah II:We really should all start looking at just about every other with different eyes. In the U.S., there are trade pacts concerning the West Coastline and the East Coastline that make certain the states supply every single other. Something like this is also desired at the international stage.
DER SPIEGEL: In reality, Jordan is surrounded by states that are hostile to one particular another. In a number of weeks’ time, the Israeli parliament designs to examine U.S. President Donald Trump’s Center East peace strategy, which includes the annexation of the West Lender by Israel. What would it imply for Jordan if Trump’s prepare for the Middle East were to be implemented?
King Abdullah II: Is now, in the midst of the corona pandemic, genuinely the time to focus on no matter whether we want a one particular- or two-state solution for Israel and Palestine? Or need to we be speaking about how we can battle the pandemic alongside one another? The two-point out solution is the only way for us to be equipped to transfer forward.
DER SPIEGEL: Politicians like Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu want to acquire advantage of the option offered by Trump and annex significant components of the Palestinian territories.
King Abdullah II: Leaders who advocate a 1-state answer do not realize what that would suggest. What would occur if the Palestinian National Authority collapsed? There would be a lot more chaos and extremism in the region. If Israel truly annexes the West Lender in July, it would direct to a substantial conflict with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
DER SPIEGEL: You would suspend the peace treaty with Israel?
King Abdullah II: I really don’t want to make threats and make a loggerheads environment, but we are looking at all possibilities. We agree with quite a few nations around the world in Europe and the global group that the legislation of the strongest should really not apply in the Middle East.
DER SPIEGEL: For the rulers in the Gulf, the battle against Iran now looks extra crucial than the Israel-Palestine conflict. Do you feel betrayed?
King Abdullah II: Jordan has confronted challenging periods right before. But let me be quite reasonable to my dear close friend Mohammed bin Zayed, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, and other folks: At meetings of the Arab League, the proposal for a one-condition option is nevertheless vehemently turned down. When the just one-state answer system was resolved six or seven months in the past, His Majesty the King of Saudi Arabia said that no, we are with the Palestinian condition.
DER SPIEGEL: Germany is your country’s next-most significant supporter right after the U.S. What do you hope from Berlin?
King Abdullah II: I have known Chancellor Merkel for a quite long time. The Jordanian-German marriage is at an all-time substantial. We have an fantastic performing romantic relationship, which include in our armed service and stability solutions. Germany understands what the appropriate final decision is on the Israeli-Palestinian query. We will be allies and friends, I think, on this concern likely ahead.