“Njan marichu enna vichariche (I thought I had died),” mentioned Nasarullah over the cellphone in a matter-of-fact means.
On September 11 final 12 months, Nasarullah, a 50-year-old continual kidney affected person settled in Mandya district of Karnataka, was rushed in an ambulance to the Pariyaram Govt Medical College Hospital (MCH) in Kerala’s Kannur district after he was contaminated with coronavirus. The oxygen degree in his blood had plummeted and it was more and more clear that the virus had began taking maintain of his lungs and different organs. His spouse, Fathima, additionally examined optimistic, however barring a fever, she had no main problems.
“For 17 days, he remained in a critical condition in the ICU. Doctors told me to pray because all his indicators were high. He had pneumonia, high blood pressure, chronic diabetes with his kidneys badly damaged,” mentioned Fathima, who spent the time lodged in a room within the Ayurvedic block of the medical faculty whose solely window opened out to a forest on the again.
“My daughter also had Covid and she was being looked after by a family friend. It was a really testing time for us,” she mentioned.
After three weeks of intensive therapy, Nasarullah’s pneumonia was cured and his blood sugar ranges introduced again below management. Once he grew to become steady, he was transferred to the ward the place he was joined by his spouse.
“All that I remember in the ICU is someone brushing my teeth in the morning and feeding me upma. Most of the time, I was unconscious,” he recalled. “If I am alive today, it’s all thanks to medical superintendent Dr K Sudeep and the team of doctors and nurses at the hospital. I got the best treatment I could have ever hoped for,” he mentioned.
And that affection lingers even at this time. Since their return home, Fathima begins her day by sending morning message on WhatsApp to Dr Sudeep, a person she has by no means even met.
“Dr Sudeep gave us a new life, a re-birth. If we hadn’t come to Kannur, my husband wouldn’t be alive. I’m very sure of that. I will always be grateful to him and all the health staff there. I don’t know their names, but I will always remember them,” added Fathima.
But the place there are tales of hope corresponding to this, there are additionally anecdotes of grief and loss.
June 6, 2020 is a date that Dr Shinas Babu will maybe always remember in life. That day, the Manjeri Govt Medical College Hospital (MCH), the place Dr Babu serves because the Covid-19 nodal officer, recorded its first casualty of the virus: 61-year-old Hamza Koya, a veteran footballer who performed for Maharashtra within the Santosh Trophy within the 80s.
In May, Koya, alongside together with his household, had travelled to his hometown in Kerala from Mumbai, contracting the an infection within the course of. His spouse and son had been the primary to check optimistic, adopted by him, his daughter-in-law and grandchildren. But whereas they didn’t develop critical signs, he was introduced into the ICU as his situation deteriorated quick.
“We did everything we could, including plasma therapy. But we lost him,” mentioned Dr Babu.
Before the final rites, Koya’s household, additionally admitted to the identical hospital resulting from Covid-19, expressed a want to see his physique. But as per protocol, entry to the ICU is granted solely to seriously-ill sufferers and healthcare workers.
To honour their want, Dr Babu had an concept.
“I put on the PPE, inserted my phone in a transparent cover and stepped into the ICU. I went near Koya’s body and I video-called his son Lihas on WhatsApp to show them the body. They asked me if I could hover the phone over his face so that they could blow a kiss. It was very, very traumatic. They were all crying on the phone and somewhere I broke down too because there was nothing else we could do,” recalled Dr Babu, calling it one of the painful moments of his life.
Across ICUs on this planet, the previous 12 months and even now, such episodes are enjoying out, providing a profound view of how healthcare employees are straining to do their jobs and on the identical time bridge the gulf between Covid-patients and their family members. The ICU, even with all its superior contraptions to maintain life, has been a really lonely place the previous 12 months. For many, it’s these well being employees in full-body PPE gear, unidentified by identify and unrecognisable by gender, who stay at their facet at their most susceptible — brushing their enamel, feeding them and taking out their waste. And generally, if their luck runs out, they’re additionally the final individuals they see in life.
An ‘unpredictable’ virus
Even as the remainder of India, with the doable exception of Maharashtra, have dialled down infections significantly, Kerala, as soon as hailed for its efforts towards the virus within the preliminary stage of the pandemic, continues to report a weekly common of over 6000 circumstances. That means, hospitals, particularly the tertiary care amenities, within the state are nonetheless overwhelmed and well being employees teetering on the sting. Officials declare the conduct of the native physique elections in December and a normal decline of alertness among the many public are seen to have spiked circumstances once more.
Though the case fatality charge of Kerala (0.4%) remains to be among the many lowest within the nation, each day deaths have oscillated between 10 and 30 for the final six months. Nearly 75% of the deceased have been above the age of 60.
The key to saving the lifetime of a seriously-ill Covid affected person, mentioned Dr Fathahudheen, Covid-19 nodal officer on the Ernakulam Govt Medical College Hospital (MCH), is to convey them in, early within the illness course of. “If you get the patient in the right window period early in the disease process, they really improve and come out well. But if the patient comes in late into the ICU with severe deficiency of oxygen and injury to other organs, whatever you do, there’s no response in the patient,” he mentioned.
“The factor that determines the outcome is the interaction between the virus and the body’s host immune response. If the immune response is balanced and you get early treatment, you may come out of it (illness). Some people’s immune response is highly irritable and when it’s dysregulated, it goes for an overdrive leading to a cytokine storm, and resulting in death.”
When indianexpress.com known as Dr Fathahudheen in April final 12 months, he was beaming concerning the profitable restoration of a 57-year-old British vacationer from Covid-19 on the hospital. His group on the Ernakulam MCH had efficiently used HIV antiretroviral medication to beat again the virus regardless of the affected person’s critical comorbidities. But since then, as circumstances soared and the an infection slipped into the neighborhood, deaths grew to become unavoidable.
Dr Fathahudheen mentioned, “It was heartbreaking to see many, especially young patients, dying before our eyes despite making all possible interventions. It’s when science turns helpless and you become a mute spectator before this highly contagious virus.”
In reality, in a number of conversations with docs serving within the Covid ICUs, the ‘unpredictability’ of the virus and its propensity to wreak havoc within the respiratory system at a speedy tempo has all the time stood out. Doctors mentioned they had been baffled to see sufferers, even younger ones who look completely happy and cheerful within the morning effectively on their highway to restoration, abruptly creating a cardiac arrest and dying throughout the subsequent hour. Or as circumstances of ‘happy hypoxia’ the place blood oxygen ranges come down, resulting in shortness of breath and shutdown of organs.
For the bystanders and family members, such sudden deaths are extremely laborious to course of and generally, it’s the well being workers bearing the brunt of it.
“It created a sort of medical agony for us to talk to them and convince them that this is how this disease behaves. And so, we always tell families of patients admitted to the ICU that the outcome of this disease is unpredictable. And until and unless, the patient’s oxygen levels become normal and until they are able to breathe normally without oxygen support, we cannot say they are in a safe zone,” mentioned Dr Fathahudheen.
Dr Jacob Okay Jacob, inner medication professor on the Ernakulam MCH, mentioned he’s usually felt that the general public aren’t capable of perceive the seriousness of the work that goes on contained in the Covid wards and ICUs. That it’s a fierce battle between life and dying, and plenty of occasions, even one of the best of skilled docs can not predict which means it may tilt.
“We are dealing with a highly misunderstood population. They are looking at it through a consumerist lens. But having said that, it has not deterred us in any way to go back on our duties… some of these deaths leave an imprint on us and we feel a sense of inadequacy. That, even with all our armoury, we feel that ultimately it’s not in our hands,” he added.
In such a context, communication turns into a pivotal facet of Covid-19 administration, each with sufferers in addition to their bystanders. There is an obligation to calm their nerves, and on the identical time, inform them of the urgency of the scenario.
Dr Shimna Azeez has manned the Covid outpatient division on the Manjeri Govt MCH for nearly ten months, conversing with lots of of individuals who got here in with suspected signs and their households. She’s additionally a author and an influential voice on Facebook, serving to to decode complicated well being points for the layman.
“Any disease which mandates physical distance between a patient and his family is a tragedy. So, just like my father and mother are important for me, for somebody else, their parents are important too. When it comes to Covid, I have never tried to console people. I have always informed and educated them with facts and pointed out the risk factors. Otherwise, it may backfire because we don’t know when this patient’s condition may deteriorate. Giving false hope is also unethical,” mentioned Dr Azeez.
One of the affirmative initiatives of the Manjeri Govt MCH, early on within the pandemic, was making a WhatsApp group of individuals who recovered from Covid in an effort to foster a way of togetherness. Through the group, docs suggested them on post-Covid restoration and dispelled doubts concerning the virus. It was additionally used to encourage them to donate plasma for the therapy of these in important situation. The state’s first plasma financial institution was additionally arrange on the hospital.
The loneliness of the illness
For many healthcare workers, the previous 12 months of the pandemic has taught classes they might have by no means realized in medical college. They have seen deaths, and lives being reclaimed, at shut quarters. They have heard innumerable tales of struggling and trauma, of feeling remoted and uncared for. Families and pals torn aside by a virus. To an extent, that at some degree, their work stopped being only a job, however a bigger a part of a faculty consciousness.
Dr Jacob mentioned, “One of the things I understood quite clearly in the last one year was the meaning of life, especially when I interact with patients and their families. People are propelled by money and ego in life. But once inside that ICU, there’s no ego or money. Patients bid goodbye to their families and they come with just a bag of clothes.”
He continued, “I have seen many people, in their 70s and 80s, who are such a beloved part of their families. Inside the ICU, they seem so helpless and alone. Sometimes, when we get a feeling that a patient may not last long, I hold their hands to make them at peace. They clasp my hands tightly to their chest. They need that touch and there’s no one else to do it at the time. I have even broken down into tears, talking to them. But since I’m in my PPE, no one can see me crying.”
Similarly, Dr Azeez spoke of receiving a name from a person from UAE sooner or later, complaining of toothache. She contacted her pals there and arrange an appointment for him to satisfy a dentist. “And then, I asked him if he had any food to eat. He just started crying. He said he didn’t have any food and that he was planning to pluck moringa leaves from a neighbouring compound, boil it and eat it. I froze,” she mentioned, including that she organized to get him provisions for one month via her community.
“In the last year, the definition of being human was made clear to me. Every patient was a story…”
For Sheena KP, a workers nurse within the an infection management group on the Kozhikode Govt Medical College Hospital, the pandemic’s worst results aren’t utterly new. For she was a important a part of the group on the hospital that fought the Nipah virus in 2018 which claimed the lives of 18 individuals. And a 12 months later, when Nipah returned to the state via a affected person in Ernakulam district, Sheena was on the forefront of coaching different nurses in an infection management.
“In 2018, all of us at Kozhikode had performed duties wearing PPE at a time when no one knew what a PPE was. Our parents had warned us, but we couldn’t stay away… we know the risks of infection, but we still do it because this is our profession. It was a huge learning experience,” she mentioned.
But in contrast to Nipah, which was short-lived albeit with a excessive mortality charge, the Covid-19 pandemic remains to be very a lot right here, a 12 months later, leaving nurses like Sheena exhausted.
“Then and now, health workers are working round-the-clock. We are not going on vacations or shopping for clothes. Everything’s been put on the backburner. Today, our bodies have adjusted to the PPE. Everyone among the nurses here has lost weight. We have skin-care problems and urinary tract infections,” she mentioned.
With that in thoughts, I requested her if the pandemic and its bodily and emotional struggles ever prompted a rethink of her career.
She paused for some time after which replied, “It’s not that I wanted to be a nurse. I wanted to be a teacher. But my family didn’t have a strong financial standing to put me through a graduate degree and higher education. A family friend, who was a nurse, saw my high marks in school and advised me to become a nurse.”
“I do this job because I like it. The thing about this job is that we are with a person when they are at their most vulnerable. There’s nothing more debilitating than getting an illness.”