2021 kicked off with the official departure of the United Kingdom from the EU, the continued deployment of assorted COVID-19 vaccines to the world and the additional growth of the EU Green Deal. During these tumultuous instances, one factor has remained the identical – the necessity and demand for renewable vitality. Over the final yr, we’ve seen the share in demand for renewable vitality rise because the demand for conventional energy, based mostly on fossil fuels comparable to coal, has dropped. In 2021, we anticipate to see one of the vital urgent problems with our time – local weather change – lastly will get the eye and dedication it deserves.
In an effort to offer further insights into the anticipated vitality traits, markets, and insurance policies of the subsequent yr, we provide the beneath predictions for 2021.
Together renewables will additional displace coal and pure gasoline
As international locations take aggressive motion on local weather change to decarbonize their respective economies by 2050, the route is evident – all carbon-neutral and carbon-negative renewable applied sciences might want to work collectively if we wish to achieve carbon neutrality by mid-century. As the worldwide demand for various vitality will increase, 2021 will mark a turning level for the business as wind, photo voltaic, geothermal, woody biomass, hydrogen, and lithium-ion battery suppliers (amongst others) make a collective and coordinated effort to fight the worldwide local weather disaster.
The aftermath of COVID-19 will push economies right into a renewable future
The COVID-19 pandemic has eternally modified how societies, companies, and governments view the world. As varied industries noticed a decline within the demand for merchandise and/or providers all through the pandemic, the vitality business witnessed the alternative. Energy manufacturing and distribution remained important whatever the pandemic.
Throughout the pandemic we’ve seen an elevated world curiosity in decreasing carbon emissions. Looking forward, renewables will play a vital position in energy technology for many years to come back. For this motive, we don’t foresee a job loss, somewhat a job switch – or maybe a job increase – in renewables in 2021. For these at the moment working in fossil fuels, this shift will current an awesome alternative to transition expertise because the vitality sector continues to evolve right into a clear vitality future. For these searching for employment, the renewable vitality business is hiring for a myriad of positions and we anticipate this to proceed as demand continues to extend.
Europe will proceed to be the “Poster Child” for renewable vitality implementation, however there can be some regulatory uncertainty
Delivering Europe’s long-term ambition to grow to be the primary climate-neutral continent by 2050 requires an in depth set of pressing measures to scale up motion. To begin with, the world-leading biomass sustainability standards established by the Renewable Energy Directive II will should be absolutely carried out by all member states, enabling biomass to play its indispensable position within the Green Deal. More broadly, the EU might want to revaluate every little thing from renewables targets and carbon costs to vitality effectivity and hydrogen, if it desires to be match for its 55% emissions minimize.
Bioenergy is the most important renewable vitality supply within the EU and can be crucial to elevated deployment of wind and photo voltaic
The use of bioenergy has greater than doubled since 2000 because of its end-use as warmth, transportation, and electrical energy. In reality, biomass is the one renewable gasoline in the marketplace that’s available at the moment and may exchange fossil fuels for giant scale warmth technology. In heavy industries comparable to metal, aluminium, and cement, sustainably sourced wood-based biomass provides a carbon-neutral gasoline substitute for coal and gas-fired furnaces (and mixed warmth and energy crops). As a reliable and dispatchable renewable gasoline, sustainably-sourced biomass represents a main answer to enrich the intermittency of wind and photo voltaic that may cut back carbon emissions by greater than 85% on a lifecycle foundation.
Biomass to help the event and deployment of a hydrogen economic system
Looking forward to extra future-oriented options, comparable to the event of the hydrogen economic system, biomass is projected to play an essential position. The most blatant is to make use of biomass on to create hydrogen via gasification and thereby keep away from carbon emissions which might be related to pure gasoline. Even additional down the highway, when surplus photo voltaic and wind might doubtlessly be used to create hydrogen at scale, there can be an thrilling alternative to provide aviation and different fuels with carbon seize of biomass that would lead to unfavourable greenhouse gasoline emissions. Likewise, as decarbonization efforts within the metal and cement business quickly enhance, they too will look to bioenergy options for help.
BECCS on the brief rise
Bioenergy with carbon seize and storage (BECCS) is without doubt one of the only a few choices on the desk that may take away carbon from the environment. Once matured, BECCS might mark the start of a brand new period for low-carbon gasoline functions that may allow us to fulfill and/or exceed worldwide net-zero targets whereas nonetheless having fun with air travel and heavy items transport, which is troublesome and really costly to decarbonize. We anticipate 2021 would be the yr that we see true progress in local weather change mitigation, because of new initiatives/insurance policies, new improvements, and new collaborations which might be already taking form.