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Egypt’s Nubians get second probability at requesting compensation

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Jan 19, 2021

The folks of Nubia in Egypt’s Aswan governorate have been awaiting the fee of compensation for the harm they suffered a couple of century in the past from the inauguration of the Aswan Low Dam (the primary Aswan dam) — at present referred to as the Aswan reservoir — in 1902 and later the development of the Aswan High Dam, which was constructed between 1960 and mid-January 1971.

The Nubians had been displaced from their villages, which stretch over 350 kilometers (217 miles) alongside the banks of the Nile River in southern Egypt, in 1902, when the Egyptian authorities started constructing the Aswan Low Dam to stop flooding that led to the drowning and displacement of a lot of the Nubia residents.

Since then, the Nubian group has been demanding to return to their villages and monetary compensation for the lack of their lands. 

In January 2017, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi issued a call to determine a specialised committee tasked with the distribution of compensation to the Nubians.

Coinciding with the anniversary of the inauguration of the High Dam Jan. 9, Alaa al-Din Fouad, minister of parliamentary affairs and head of the committee for the disbursement of compensation to Nubians, introduced the launch of the second section to obtain requests from these entitled to compensation.

During a Jan. 7 press convention, Fouad mentioned that 6,171 Nubians out of 11,500 entitled to compensation have submitted compensation requests through the first section of the undertaking to disburse help to the Nubian group in January 2019.

He mentioned the committee paid compensation to those that submitted the required paperwork however suspended fee to those that did not submit the required inheritance notices or powers of legal professional on behalf of heirs of different beneficiaries. Compensation, he mentioned, will likely be paid upon receiving the required paperwork.

Fouad mentioned that the committee’s work is predicated on three phases. The first section consists of handing over in-kind compensation bonds and disbursing financial compensation to beneficiaries who submitted the required paperwork. 

He defined that a few of the beneficiaries who submitted the required paperwork have acquired possession contracts for the lands on which their houses had been constructed, whereas others acquired certificates of usufruct for lands adjoining to the rivers.

He famous that various beneficiaries acquired contracts of possession of housing models whereas some had been as a substitute given the quantity of 225,000 Egyptian kilos ($14,320). He added that contracts to personal arable land within the areas of Wadi al-Amal and Khor Qandi had been handed over to beneficiaries. Others had been as a substitute given 25,000 Egyptian kilos ($1,590) for every acre.

Others requested to participate within the improvement initiatives carried out by the Upper Egypt Development Authority, a authorities company tasked with improvement in Upper Egypt.

Fouad mentioned that as a part of the second section, 3,640 eligible people have submitted compensation requests, however their funds have been suspended as a result of lack of required paperwork.

The committee, by way of the Aswan governorate, receives the paperwork to course of the compensation of residents, and has to this point acquired the required paperwork of 705 people.

As for the third section, Fouad mentioned that the federal government has requested that the committee enable compensation requests to be submitted by those that failed to take action within the first section.

In regard to the parliament’s place on the compensation of Nubians, Ayman Fouad, a member of parliament representing Nubia, praised the federal government’s compensation to the Nubian group. He informed Al-Monitor that Nubia has sacrificed rather a lot for the institution of the Aswan dam, which is why the Nubian folks have to be compensated. 

He referred to as on the members of the committee to disburse compensation to Nubians as a way to facilitate the method to obtain requests through the one-month second section that started Jan. 17. He confused that compensation should keep in mind the losses folks have suffered. 

As for the main points of the second section of compensation, Aswan Gov. Maj. Gen. Ashraf Attia Abdel Bari mentioned throughout a press convention Jan. 7 that this section goals at offering 1,185 housing models and arable lands in Wadi al-Amal and Khor Qandi.

He famous that the Aswan governorate tasked 16 subcommittees unfold throughout the cities and facilities of the governorate with receiving such requests.

In January 2019, the Egyptian state disbursed compensation for the folks of Nubia as a part of the primary section throughout a big ceremony attended by the prime minister and various officers, titled, “Keeping the promise, handing over compensation to the Nubians.”

During his speech on the ceremony, Minister of Justice Omar Marawan mentioned that the committee for the disbursement of compensation to the affected Nubians has offered compensation to those that submitted requests — folks searching for in-kind or money compensation or folks seeking to profit from the state’s improvement plans.

He indicated that compensations had been distributed primarily based on the beneficiaries’ requests. Some 2,009 residents are to be compensated in type by way of land possession contracts, whereas 187 individuals are to be compensated by way of land usufruct contracts. In addition, he mentioned that 198 beneficiaries are to be compensated in type by way of housing unit possession contracts.

Marawan famous that 2,020 people are to be compensated with possession contracts of arable lands: 1,812 of them are entitled to the Khor Qandi space, stretching over ​​2,909 acres, and 208 beneficiaries are to be compensated in type by proudly owning arable lands in Wadi al-Amal, stretching over ​​445 acres.

He added that it was determined to compensate 1,680 beneficiaries in money, from those that misplaced land or housing, and the full worth of the money compensation reached about 302 million Egyptian kilos (about $19.2 million). 

Mohammed Ahmad, a Nubian, informed al-Monitor over the telephone that he’s extraordinarily comfortable in regards to the authorities’s compensation plan and mentioned that he has obtained a contract to personal the property wherein he and his household reside, and that there are lots of of Nubians who’ve acquired compensation.

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