Dec 2, 2020
In a serious historic occasion, Egypt will switch on Dec. four a number of royal mummies from the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square in Cairo to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Fustat. In a solemn procession, 22 royal mummies will likely be transported, together with 18 kings and 4 queens.
The Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities had earlier this 12 months moved 35,000 artifacts to the museum in Fustat. These included the breastfeeding statue and the start plate from the period of the New Kingdom; a portion of the oldest skeleton of a mummy’s foot that was connected to a compensatory wooden half; statues of King Amenemhat III within the type of the Sphinx; a seated statue of King Thutmose III; a statue of the god Nilus from the Greco-Roman interval; 50 lanterns relationship again to the Islamic period; a mashrabiya, which is an Islamic structure oriel window enclosed with carved wooden; and a few stucco home windows with coloured glass that had been faraway from the Citadel.
The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization additionally reveals a wide range of small statues, amulets fabricated from blue vines, and a pink granite statue of the Seated Scribe together with his writing instruments.
The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization is likely one of the most vital initiatives carried out in cooperation with UNESCO, to turn out to be one of many largest museums of civilization in Egypt and the Middle East. The museum encompasses all manifestations of the wealth and variety of Egyptian civilization from prehistoric instances to the current day. In 2017, Irina Bokova, who was then the director-general of UNESCO, had inaugurated with the then Egyptian minister of tourism and antiquities a brief exhibition corridor within the museum.
Mohammed al-Kahlawi, head of the General Union of Arab Archaeologists, informed Al-Monitor, “Egypt is seeking to tap [into] this royal procession of mummies from the Egyptian Museum to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Fustat to promote Egyptian tourism. But the most important thing is to keep the mummies from sustaining any damage during their transfer. All necessary measures must be taken to preserve their integrity. Add to this, the celebration and procession should rise up to this historical event.”
Kahlawi stated these mummies are an added worth to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization as a result of they’ve nice scientific and archaeological worth and can entice vacationers. “The General Union of Arab Archaeologists refuses that Egyptian antiquities be displayed at exhibitions abroad with the aim to collect foreign currency, as their transfer abroad exposes them to danger. This happened in an exhibition in Japan when an earthquake affected all the displayed antiquities. A piece of antiquity must always be displayed on its original site.”
For his half, archaeologist and former minister of antiquities Zahi Hawass informed Al-Monitor that the switch of the royal mummies is a world occasion that may dazzle the world. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi will likely be receiving the royal mummies upon their arrival on the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization, he added.
Transferring the mummies to a brand new location is a optimistic move, Hawass says, explaining that every mummy will likely be displayed alongside the statue of the kings and embalming supplies.
Sabah Abdel Razek, director-general of the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square, defined to Al-Monitor that the switch of royal mummies will likely be attended by state leaders and public figures, and the occasion will likely be reported in all native and overseas media shops.
The kings and queens of the New Kingdom (18th to 20th dynasties) had been buried of their tombs in Theban Necropolis, however the contents of most of those tombs had been looted on the finish of the 20th dynasty.
Information on the stolen artifacts was collected throughout the trials of the thieves. Later, monks of the 21st dynasty wrapped the royal mummies — whose tombs had been looted and their gold flakes eliminated — in scrolls and positioned them in their very own coffins and in new coffins.
Abdel Razek stated mummies and looted treasure had been reburied in two caches. In a bid to forestall additional desecration and looting, monks of the 21st dynasty moved round 40 royal mummies to a tomb referred to as the Royal Cache situated subsequent to Deir el-Bahri, within the Theban Necropolis.
This Royal Cache was found in 1881. It contained royal mummies, a few of which at the moment are displayed within the Egyptian Museum, together with Seqenenre, Amenhotep I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III, Seti I, Ramses II, Ramses III, Ramses IX and the queens of Ahmose-Nefertari.
The second Royal Cache was present in one of many aspect rooms within the tomb of Amenhotep II in 1898. It included the mummies of Amenhotep II, Siptah, Seti II, Ramses IV, Ramses V and Ramses VI.
Abdel Razak stated the 22 royal mummies to be transferred to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization belong to the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th dynasties.
These are the mummies of King Seqenenre Tao II, Queen Ahmose Nefertari, Queen Meritamen, King Amenhotep I, King Tuthmosis I, King Tuthmosis II, Queen Hatshepsut, King Tuthmosis III, King Amenhotep II, King Tuthmosis IV, King Amenhotep III, Queen Tiye (the Great Royal Wife of the Amenhotep III), King Seti I, King Ramses II, King Merenptah, King Seti II, King Siptah, King Ramses III, King Ramses IV, King Ramses V, King Ramses VI and King Ramses IX.