CAIRO — Egypt has not too long ago elevated charity work throughout the nation as a part of efforts to assist the federal government’s social safety packages.
In cooperation between the Egyptian authorities and 18 charitable establishments and associations, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi launched Sept. 15 the “Gates of Goodness” convoy — Egypt’s largest charitable convoy to assist low-income households and probably the most susceptible teams.
The convoy consists of 1,000 vans carrying varied kinds of assist to serve 1 million households throughout the nation. It targets the sectors of well being care, social safety, city and financial growth, assist for schooling and coaching, and likewise efforts to face disasters and crises.
The Long Live Egypt Fund, which organized the launch ceremony of the convoy, is the federal government’s foremost arm for coordination between the state and civil charity organizations to learn from the latter’s capabilities and presence in the area people throughout Egyptian governorates, cities and villages, by way of networks of volunteers and donors. This coordination comes as a part of varied presidential initiatives such because the Decent Life initiative that are geared toward eliminating poverty, starvation, slums and illness.
The Egyptian authorities had launched in 2016 an financial reform program inside the framework of Egypt’s Vision 2030. The program included floating the alternate fee for the native forex, steadily lifting vitality and gasoline subsidies, and implementing fiscal austerity insurance policies.
These measures have had dangerous social repercussions, prompting the federal government to extend spending on social safety packages and strengthen the social security internet in such a method that the poor wouldn’t must bear the prices of financial reform and guarantee in style assist for the reforms.
In order to fund social safety packages, which accounted for 283.four billion Egyptian kilos ($18 million) within the 2021-22 finances, Sisi referred to as on the Egyptian neighborhood to make donations. The first name the president made was in February 2016 throughout the launch of Egypt Vision 2030.
The Egyptian authorities is in search of social growth by counting on an efficient position for nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and their integration into growth plans in a bid to revive confidence in civil work, particularly charitable establishments that management massive sectors of the area people.
It ought to be famous that the NGO regulation ratified in 2019 led to a rise within the variety of NGOs registered with the Ministry of Social Solidarity. The numbers jumped from 37,500 organizations in 2012 to 50,572 in 2019, with almost each small village in Egypt having a charitable society to deal with probably the most susceptible inhabitants’s wants by way of funding sources based mostly primarily on donations corresponding to zakat (Islamic charity) and alms.
In this context, Talaat Abdel Qawy, head of the General Federation of NGOs, advised Al-Monitor, “The state’s interest in integrating NGOs into initiatives that support development plans, fight poverty and hunger, and support the health sector comes after a long history of civil work that succeeded in serving citizens in various sectors.”
“NGOs will not undertake alone the development efforts in local communities, but they will assist the state in achieving sustainable development in several programs that used to be carried out solely by the government,” he added.
Abdel Qawy continued, “Restoring trust between the state and NGOs is at the basis of this joint effort after there had been major concerns about the civil work in Egypt. The [2019 NGO] law now clearly sets the partnership’s framework and respects the associations’ status while preserving the country’s security and safety.”
Under the 2019 NGO regulation, some NGOs started to rectify their standing and restructure their boards of trustees and administration.
The Life Makers Foundation, as an example, included in its administrative construction Maj. Gen. Mohsen al-Noamani, who beforehand served as minister of native growth, and Amr Ezzat Salama, a former minister of upper schooling. The appointments got here after the inspiration sacked Islamic preacher Omar Khaled in a bid to separate non secular preaching and growth exercise.
It appears the Egyptian authorities can also be working to dismantle any charity that might be a gate for political Islam.
The Egyptian judiciary is presently wanting right into a lawsuit calling for the dissolution of the Ansar al-Sunnah al-Muhammadiyah Group and Al-Shareyah Association, probably the most well-known Salafist organizations in Egypt that had been established a century in the past.
Abdel Nasser al-Banna, media adviser on the Life Makers Foundation, advised Al-Monitor, “Our group is involved in development initiatives set by the state but also implements its own activities on the side under the state’s supervision.”
“The state has recently set a strict control policy on donations. Contributions are now collected only through a permit from the Ministry of Social Solidarity and under the Central Auditing Organization’s supervision. Even procurements made by charities such as livestock, medical devices or any other purchases are done through government committees,” he added.
“Political Islam’s control over charitable work in the past was one of the main reasons for its spread in poor villages and areas, which explains the popular support for these religious movements for years. The state could not be present in these communities except through civil work. This is why it began to [work with] charitable organizations to achieve development initiatives and provide support to citizens,” Banna stated.
In a speech on the International Day of Charity on Sept. 5, Minister of Social Solidarity Nivine el-Kabbag summarized the partnership between the state and NGOs, saying, “The Egyptian civil society has transformed from providing aid to individuals and households into institutions that plan and work in cooperation with state agencies.”
However, Issam Adwi, a growth professional and former adviser to the Ministry of Social Solidarity, advised Al-Monitor, “Civil charitable work cannot be a substitute for social protection policies, but it could support [these policies] in a transitional period. Charity work is still needed to cover severe poverty cases, but it will come to an end after the implementation of development programs that are not limited to the distribution of food and medicine only.”
He added, “Most of the time, charity organizations and the state have the same goals, namely fighting poverty and unemployment and improving the education and health sectors. But these goals can only achieve social justice if there is, in parallel, a plan to deal with the root of the problems instead of merely fighting the symptoms.”
Adwi stated, “There is still a need for a suitable environment that gives charity associations a degree of independence in decision-making,” explaining that “after the new NGO law [was enacted in 2019], it was necessary for the associations to change a few internal things such as appointing boards of trustees and electing boards of directors.”
“These structural changes, however, should be an internal decision and not dictated by the government, which must create a good climate for civil work without seeking to establish and manage charitable associations,” he stated.
The civil charitable work might have drastically contributed to supporting 1000’s of poor households in Egypt’s villages and hamlets, however these efforts nonetheless want a broader scope that the federal government is making an attempt to develop now by way of presidential initiatives for growth, the success of which additionally relies on the continuation of monetary stream from donations.