CAIRO — Bahrain’s Foreign Minister Abdullatif bin Rashid Al Zayani has not too long ago lashed out at Qatar for not adhering to Al-Ula Declaration, named after the Saudi metropolis the place Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Egypt agreed to ease the boycott imposed on Doha since 2017.
In a assertion throughout a digital intergovernmental parliamentary assembly on Feb. 1, Zayani accused Qatar of ignoring the provisions said in Al-Ula Declaration, thus stopping the beginning of a brand new part of regional stability.
During the identical assembly, the pinnacle of the Foreign Affairs, Defense and National Security Committee within the Bahraini parliament, Mohammed al-Buainain, harassed that Bahrain continues to be exhibiting “goodwill and is committed to the provisions of Al-Ula Declaration concluded in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as a step to addressing pending issues with Qatar.”
He famous, nonetheless, that Qatar has but to indicate seriousness in implementing its obligations.
On the day of the signature of Al-Ula Declaration, on Jan. 5, the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued an announcement saying that the declaration goals to resolve the disaster with Qatar and comes as a part of Egypt’s efforts to advertise solidarity among the many Arab Quartet. “It is imperative to build on this important step to promote the path of Arab action and to support ties among sisterly Arab countries, stemming from relations based on goodwill and noninterference in the internal affairs of Arab countries,” the assertion continued.
Qatari Foreign Affairs Minister Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani asserted Jan. 7 that there have been no Egyptian preconditions for the declaration. He confirmed the settlement was reached primarily based on the rules of the reconciliation with the boycotting nations, noting that bilateral rifts with Egypt shall be resolved in correspondences between the 2 nations.
On Jan. 20, the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs introduced that Cairo and Doha exchanged two official memoranda, whereby the 2 nations agreed to renew diplomatic relations by implementing the mutual obligations below Al-Ula Declaration.
Yet Bahraini officers consider Qatar has not proven any seriousness in implementing the primary calls for of the Arab Quartet in alternate for lifting the blockade, primarily noninterference within the affairs of Arab nations, the tip of its help to the Muslim Brotherhood and the tip of Qatari media incitement in opposition to these nations — Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain.
Meanwhile, Egypt shares the issues of Bahrain over Qatar’s dedication to the declaration, though it didn’t make any official assertion on the problem.
An Egyptian diplomatic supply on the Foreign Affairs Ministry who most popular anonymity informed Al-Monitor through cellphone that Egypt’s goal behind the reconciliation with Qatar primarily consists of ending the rift amongst Arabs. The supply stated, “It also aims to test Qatar’s intentions and the measures it will take on the ground to change its policy toward Egypt, which was the subject of the dispute and the reason behind the yearlong estrangement between the two countries.”
The supply indicated that Egypt has undisclosed reservations on Qatar’s adherence to Al-Ula Declaration. Egypt will wait and assess the Qatari dedication within the coming months, he famous, including that all Qatar has to do now could be show goodwill and fulfill its commitments.
The supply believes Egypt’s signature of Al-Ula Declaration is an efficient alternative to check Qatar’s will to alter its hostile place in opposition to the Egyptian state over the previous years.
Tarek Fahmy, a professor of political science at Cairo University, informed Al-Monitor, “Egypt has shown a lot of good intentions in signing Al-Ula Declaration. But three years of complete estrangement with Qatar will not be easy to overcome by the mere signature of this initial agreement. There are several points that must guarantee Qatar’s commitment to several obligations after the agreement, but they have not been announced yet.”
Fahmy indicated that coordination is ongoing between Egypt and Qatar on the diplomatic and safety ranges. Several coordination conferences will happen through the coming weeks between Egyptian and Qatari officers to comply with up on the implementation of the provisions of the declaration, and to observe the extent of Qatar’s dedication to the final situations agreed upon, he added. Yet no date has been introduced for these conferences.
Fahmy stated Egypt believes that the reconciliation settlement is sweet normally, however it is just a step in the proper course that relies on the Qatari facet’s dedication to not intervene in its inside affairs. “Egypt agreed to sign Al-Ula Declaration, provided that coordination continues with Qatar to assess the extent of its commitment not to interfere in Egyptian affairs,” he added.
Ayman Samir, an professional in worldwide relations at Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, defined that Egypt already has set its situations for reconciliation with Qatar. “Qatar must stop supporting the Muslim Brotherhood and the remnants of terrorist groups in the northern Sinai Peninsula. It must also end its support to Turkey‘s [actions] in Libya as well,” he informed Al-Monitor.
Samir identified that Egypt is preserving a detailed eye on Qatar, ready for it to satisfy its pledges. Egypt has proven good religion because the starting of the settlement, he stated. “It allowed Qatar to resume investment and economic projects in Egypt. On Jan. 9, the Qatari Diar company obtained the Egyptian government’s approval to complete the City Gate project in New Cairo. Egypt also allowed Qatari Finance Minister Ali Shareef Al Emadi, on the day of the signature of the declaration, to participate in the inauguration of the St. Regis Hotel launched by Qatari Diar,” he noted.
Yet, according to Samir, there is still no evidence that Qatar has significantly changed its policy toward Egypt, except for slight changes in the policy of Al Jazeera channel toward the political situation in Egypt. “The success of reconciliation with Qatar depends on the latter’s actions over the coming period. It depends on Qatar refraining in the coming months from interfering in Egyptian affairs. The signature of the agreement will remain mere ink on paper if no action is taken on the ground,” he concluded.