Tuesday, March 2, 2021

Climate change: Six questions in regards to the Cumbria coal controversy

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*:not([hidden]):not(type) ~ *:not([hidden]):not(type){margin-top:1rem;}]]>By Roger HarrabinBBC setting analyst *:not([hidden]):not(type) ~ *:not([hidden]):not(type){margin-left:0.5rem;}]]>picture copyrightWest Cumbria Mining Companyimage captionThe mine would extract coking coal from beneath the Irish Sea for use in metal manufacturing *:not([hidden]):not(type) ~ *:not([hidden]):not(type){margin-top:1rem;}]]>Pressure is rising on the prime minister to ban a brand new coal mine in Cumbria. The county council accredited the colliery, and the federal government determined not the problem the choice. But inexperienced teams have written to Boris Johnson saying the mine undercuts his promise to steer the world away from coal. A spokesperson for islands in danger from local weather change urges the PM to match his phrases with deeds.Why is the mine controversial?A agency utilized for planning permission to dig for coking coal in Cumbria, and councillors accredited the bid. They mentioned the scheme didn’t contravene planning rules and would assist diversify jobs.Coal mine go-ahead ‘undermines local weather summit’Government defends Cumbria coal mine inexperienced gentleJohn Kerry calls Trump ‘reckless’ over local weatherBut coal is seen because the dirtiest of the fossil fuels driving up world temperatures. The British authorities heads a UN local weather summit in November and has launched the ‘Powering Past Coal’ alliance of countries to relinquish coal.Fiji is an alliance member – and its UN ambassador Satyendra Prasad instructed me opening a brand new mine sends the improper sign. “Investment in renewables in place of coal is the morally correct choice. In the global climate struggle, words are extremely important. Deeds matter even more,” he mentioned. Titus Gwemende from Oxfam in Southern Africa, mentioned: “The UK continues to dig more coal while the least contributors (to climate change) in Africa face pressure to stop. This double standard risks undermining climate talks – and I hope the UK will change course.”So why did not the federal government block the mine?This was a thorny resolution. Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick might have over-ridden the council, however amid the turmoil of the January Covid lockdown, he put out a discover saying he wouldn’t block permission as a result of it was a “local” problem. Environmentalists had been livid, defining local weather change as the final word world downside. picture copyrightReutersimage captionRobert Jenrick selected to not overrule the native councilThe authorities later instructed me there have been no grounds to dam the appliance beneath planning legislation. A spokesperson mentioned leaving the choice to the council aligned with the Tory precept of getting choices taken on the lowest attainable tier of presidency.Was the federal government beneath strain to approve the mine from its personal MPs?Yes. The mine lies within the Copeland constituency in a cluster of so-called Red Wall seats received by the Conservatives from Labour. Cumbria has low unemployment (2.8% from July 2019-June 2020 in contrast with 3.4% in Copeland and three.8% nationally), however the MPs argued that well-paid guide jobs should not be turned away. The native Copeland MP Trudy Harrison is the prime minister’s bag-carrier Parliamentary aide – and it is laborious to conceive that she didn’t drop a phrase in his ear, though she would not discuss to me about that.Are the native MPs prioritising jobs over local weather change?They insist they don’t seem to be. The key to the talk, they are saying, is that the mine will produce coking coal, which is required for metal. The authorities is phasing out thermal coal for energy stations by 2025 however has not introduced any plans to part out coking coal. The advisory Climate Change Committee says the UK should cease burning coking coal by 2035 as a way to hit local weather targets. I perceive the committee fears if the mine goes forward its homeowners and employees will foyer irresistibly to maintain it operating after that date.But the MPs fear that expertise to create virgin metal utilizing non-coal strategies corresponding to hydrogen will not be prepared by 2035. Mark Jenkinson, Tory MP for close by Workington, instructed me: “It’s better for the environment to dig coking coal from Workington than from Wyoming, because it saves on emissions from transport. We can’t let other countries pick up the tab for emissions on our behalf.”What do environmentalists say?Environmentalists have lengthy known as for a moratorium on new fossil fuels, as a result of already much more has been found than the world can burn with out inflicting harmful local weather change. When John Sauven, from Greenpeace, heard that approving the mine was thought-about a ‘native’ resolution he mentioned: “Let’s hope China doesn’t take the same view – or the world will be toast”.He’s written to Boris Johnson saying: “As host of the largest global climate talks since the signing of the Paris Agreement, it is mystifying that a new coal mine has been approved. “This will make it a lot more durable to fulfil the ambitions of the alliance to part out coal. We name on you to reverse the choice”.Labour’s Climate Change lead Matthew Pennycook agreed. He said: “This makes a mockery of the federal government’s declare to be a local weather chief, and will not present the long-term job safety Cumbrians deserve. “Decarbonised steel is the future and Ministers should be relentlessly focused on developing an active industrial strategy that will attract good, low-carbon jobs and investment to counties like Cumbria.”The Lib Dems and Greens agree.Did the strain from MPs affect the choice?Political issues usually are not speculated to affect the planning course of, and Mr Jenrick’s spokesperson mentioned he did not seek the advice of different ministers as a way to keep away from breaching that rule.No 10 tells me the PM was not concerned within the decision-making course of. The president of the upcoming local weather summit, Alok Sharma – who co-ordinates authorities local weather insurance policies – dodged a query from MPs whether or not he had been consulted.But Business and Climate Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng later mentioned he mentioned the mine with colleagues. The incontrovertible fact that the mine will produce coking coal was an element, he mentioned. But he wryly admitted that permitting the mine would create a “slight conflict” with local weather coverage. Mr Sharma agreed that the problem could possibly be seen to be “embarrassing”. Did anybody do improper?No one is suggesting that any of the politicians misbehaved – but it surely’s clear that the problem is extraordinarily embarrassing. The authorities might keep away from future ache on the problem by introducing a transparent coverage on coking coal. One factor’s for certain – because the UN local weather summit looms nearer, the federal government’s ambitions throughout the board will probably be more and more scrutinised to see if it is strolling the local weather stroll. Follow Roger on Twitter @rharrabinRelated Topics

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